10-B, Bul’varno Kudriavs’ka
Str., Kyiv City, Ukraine.
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Sat: 9 a.m. – 1 p.m.
Sun: Day off
Call center
044 299 44 94
Взрослое отделение
044 272 11 81
Детское отделение
044 272 11 82

Birth trauma of cervical spine

родовая травма шейного отдела позвоночника

During the birth the infant experiences a great physical exertion when passing through the maternal passages. The newborn’s skeletal system is different from the adult person skeletal system - it is characterized by special flexibility in order to go through this passage without consequences. Thus the newborn babies have an increased chance of receiving a birth trauma of cervical spine during the process of delivery.

But if the fetus is very big or postmature, or the birth had gone incorrectly, the unforeseen situations often arise. Indeed, the cervical spine undergoes the greatest injurious exposure during the natural birth.

About 31% of children receive a birth trauma in cephalic presentation, in case of pelvic presentation this figure is even higher - 38-40%

Birth trauma of the cervical spine is the prime factor in the perinatal affection of the baby's nervous system!

Depending on the type of affection, the birth traumas are classified into 3 main groups:

  1. Rotational
  2. Distraction
  3. Bending-compressive

Causes and consequences of birth trauma of the cervical spine in children

A rotary trauma of the cervical spine in newborns occurs in the process of birth, when birth attendants help the child to move forward through the maternal passage performing kind of circular (rotational) movements with the child's head. These movements can lead to the atlas subluxation (the first cervical vertebra) and damage the first and second vertebrae connection. The dislocation of the first cranial vertebra and the diminution of the spinal canal are possible as well. Spinal stenosis, in its turn, leads to the spinal cord compression.

In case of baby overweight the birth attendants have to apply an exert force. This can lead to distraction trauma of cervical spine. This type also includes the centrum break from the disks, ruptures of ligaments of cervical spine and spinal cord injury.

Bending-compressive traumas often occur during fast and rapid labour, especially if the fetus has overweight. The head of the child meets resistance while moving through the narrow maternal passage. Because of this resistance compressional fractures of vertebral bodies can occur.

Sometimes the consequences of birth trauma in the natal form can't be detected immediately after birth; the symptoms can appear with time, be single or complex.

Symptoms of cervical spine birth trauma

The following symptoms indicate the birth trauma of cervical spine (a bit later after birth):

  • Torticollis;
  • Frequent posseting, which occurs due to a diaphragm hypertension;
  • Decrease or total absence of some reflexes;
  • Asymmetry of the head region;
  • Hands and feet movement disorder;
  • Symptoms of a nerve

Neurological disorders of spinal birth injuries, which are detected during examination, depend on the spinal cord damage degree. This may be paresis or limb paralysis, or signs of insufficient blood supply to the brain due to the large vertebral arteries compression.

These disorders can be one of the child's mental development delay reasons. The child can not sit on time, walks with difficulty, has motion coordination disorder, reaches the talking stage a bit later, memorizing and ideation processes may also be affected. In case of revealing these symptoms, we recommend you immediately undergo the medical examination and immediately start treating the cervical spine birth trauma. Otherwise, at an older age, the child may suffer from headaches, increased arterial pressure, digestive disorders, and enuresis. That means the birth trauma will affect the child's behaviour, his/her development and well-being.

Parents or a pediatrist often downplay the consequences of birth trauma and do not take any measures to treat this condition in newborns. But the problem, unfortunately, does not disappear, and we must deal with the consequences of the spinal disorders that have occurred during childbirth in preschool age and adolescence. And in such cases it is very difficult, even almost impossible, to do something, because of the lost time.

Such consequences include early osteochondrosis and scoliosis, upper limb girdle atonia, decreased muscle tone, fine movements disorders, autonomic dysfunctions, clubfoot and cardiovascular disorders.

After a time, at school, children, suffering a cervical spine birth trauma, may show low performing; they can be inactive and hyperactive, what does not have a positive effect on their communication with others. They are excitable, overly emotional, and sometimes aggressive. Bad marks and behavioural disorders lead to a decrease of self-esteem and heighten the negative processes in the nervous system. In more severe cases children with cervical spine trauma suffer from nonreversible neurological disorders, which lead to disability.

Thus, both the process of birth and focusing on the child’s condition after birth play a very important role in child's entire life, because seasonable aid helps to avoid lots of problems.

Treatment of cervical spine birth trauma

We pay much attention to the cervical spine birth traumas, taking into account the importance of this pathology in the formation of the above-listed conditions.

Dr. Bersenev's metameric method gives an opportunity to assess the spine and spinal cord condition yet at the child’s primary examination. In case of cervical spine traumatism signs our doctors develop a metameric treatment and rehabilitation program.  In order to restore the baby's health an integrated approach is required; the child’s treatment in our clinic is based on this very principle.

If the child gets an early competent medical assistance, there is a chance to completely restore the baby's organism and to neutralize all the negative birth trauma consequences.

To make an appointment for a consultation or a treatment session, please, call (044)272-11-82 (children’s department) or (044)238-22-31 (call centre). The booking is carried out by previous appointment.

Cost of treatment with additional services
Consulting appointment
Primary neurological examination of a child/adolescent by V.O. Kulyk
Primary neurological examination of a child/adolescent
Secondary neurological examination of a child/adolescent
Individual program of home treatment for a child/adolescent
Prolongation of the individual program of home treatment for a child/adolescent
Outpatient treatment
Outpatient treatment by the neurometameric reflexotherapy and metameric medicinal treatment of a child/adolescent with nervous system impairment (1 neurological syndrome)
Outpatient treatment by the neurometameric reflexotherapy and metameric medicinal treatment of a child/adolescent with nervous system impairment (2 neurological syndromes)
Outpatient treatment by the neurometameric reflexotherapy and metameric medicinal treatment of a child/adolescent with nervous system impairment (3 neurological syndromes)
Kinesio Taping
Kinesio Taping (1 zone)
Metameric massage
Metameric collar and head zones massage
Our staff
Vladyslava Kulyk
Children’s department head physician,
Candidate of Medical Science,
high level certificate pediatric neurologist
Iuliia Biliuk
Pediatric neurologist,
first level certificate neurologist
Kseniia Maister
Psychologist, speech therapist,
neuropsychologist
Olena Bielievtseva
Speech therapist
Oleksandr Shevchuk

Oleksandr Shevchuk

Massage therapist
Stanislav Kurtosmanov

Stanislav Kurtosmanov

Massage therapist
Child neurology
Никто не может вернуться назад и изменить свой старт, но каждый может стартовать сейчас и изменить свой финиш. Когда семья решает иметь ребенка, все представляют, какой  он будет красивый, умный, счастливый. Едва ли чье-то воображение   рисует будущего малыша больным, беспомощным и несчастным. К сожалению, жизнь преподносит не только приятные сюрпризы. Радость рождения, может омрачиться сообщением о болезни. Среди причин детской инвалидности лидируют заболевания нервной системы , 75%   которых возникают в период внутриутробного развития или же в процессе родов.
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Children’s department
About metameric treatment Documents for admission Questions and answers
What we treat
Child neurologist

Child neurologist specializes in the treatment of diseases associated with the central and peripheral nervous system affliction, as well as functional disorders of children.

Usually, during the first month after the child’s birth, doctors send parents to the compulsory consultation of a child neurologist, even if the child was born completely healthy and does not have any disorders related to the nervous system. Moreover, the regular follow-up visits are also necessary during the next stages of life.

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CEREBRAL PALSY (CP)

The term “cerebral palsy” combines a group of syndromes resulting from underdevelopment or brain damage (often combined with spinal cord injury in the cervical spine) during the prenatal, intranatal and early postnatal periods.

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Perinatal CNS involvement

Perinatal involvements of the central nervous system are those pathological conditions that arise under the influence of many negative factors affecting the growth and fetus development in the perinatal period.

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Organic lesion of the central nervous system

Organic central nervous system lesions are a group of various neuropsychic disorders resulting from the influence of pathological factors upon the brain at different stages of ontogenetic development. This pathology has many behaviour options and various pathogenesis.

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Peripheral nervous system trauma

Peripheral nervous system birth trauma is the damage of nerve roots, nerve plexus, peripheral and cerebral nerves affected by an external mechanical agent during childbirth.

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Psychoverbal development delay

In recent decades, more and more children have a diagnosis “Psychoverbal development delay”. The statistics are inexorable. And the sooner a psychoverbal development delay or speech delay is detected, the greater the chances for child’s treating are.

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Muscle tone disorders

Muscle tone is a slight muscle tension, which is necessary for their quick inclusion in working condition. It is the level of tone that determines the readiness of the muscle complex to perform motor functions. For each period of child’s development there exist physiological standards of tonic activity.

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Spinal amyotrophy

The spinal amyotrophies are genetic disorders of an anterior horn motor neurone disease; they are characterized by the progressive muscle weakness and twitching. Spinal amyotrophies are not characterized by sensational, motion coordination and oculomotor disorders. This is due to the spinal cord motoneurons affection.

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Myopathy

Myopathies are hereditary diseases, which are based on the muscle fiber damage and, as a consequence, the emergence of a progressive musclular dystrophy (atrophy).

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Myelopathy

Myelopathy is a neurological term used to describe all kinds of spinal cord lesions. Myelopathy is usually a chronic disease.

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Neurotic disorders

Among the mental disorders that occur in childhood, neurotic disorders account for 65%. Neurotic disorders (neuropathy, neurosis, neurasthenia, childish nervousness) in children manifest themself with a wide range of clinical symptoms, among which autonomic dysfunction and emotional disorders are the first.

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Juvenile osteochondrosis

Juvenile (adolescent) osteochondrosis is a disease that is based on degenerative-dystrophic changes of intervertebral discs in adolescence. These changes are caused by the teens’ rapid growth, possible skeleton formation disorders, as well as inadequate physical activity on the growing spine. Osteochondrosis can develop in case of wearing a heavy bag on one shoulder and long sitting in an unnatural pose while studying.

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The compulsive movement syndrome

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Psycho-Speech Delay in Genetic Diseases

With the development of a number of natural sciences (genetics, biochemistry, embryology, general biology, etc.), more and more importance is attached to genetic factors, which are considered to be the cause of more than half of cases of psycho-speech development disorders. This primarily includes the chromosome set pathology. Currently, more than 200 types of chromosomal aberrations are being described, causing psycho-speech development delay and mental retardation.

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The autonomic dysfunction syndrome

Autonomic dysfunction is the common name for all the autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunctions, which lead to a “failure” in the work of internal parts and body systems.

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Posture disorders in children

Posture is a natural habitual posture of a person, which depends on the spine condition, muscular-ligament apparatus, environment, general well-being, and heredity. This is a complex notion determined by a variety of factors and revealing not just the physical condition of a person, but also a psychical one.

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a quite common disease that is based on the central nervous system dysfunction (mainly the brain reticular formation).

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Autism

The autism is a child’s mental development disorder, which is characterized by a lack of communication and speech and motor disorders.

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Additional services
Speech therapist appointment

A speech is a reflection of thinking; it is a system. If there are problems with oral speech, then there will be difficulties with the thoughts formation, the ability to analyse, speculate, build logic chains, and also there will be some difficulties with reading and writing. A violation in one speech link is enough to make the whole system start to function incorrectly.

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Metameric massage

Many articles have already been written about the undoubted massage benefits, and it has long been known that this is one of healing means, along with sports and nutrition. Massage helps to recover from stress quickly and avoid diseases associated with constant nervous tension, relieves pain points, and relaxes tense muscles. It also reduces anxiety, normalizes the blocked energy flow, enhances the immune system functions, and restores a sense of calm and well-being. This is an important component of a healthy lifestyle.

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Psychologist consultation is your chance to change your life for the better

 

The spine, keeping the whole skeleton in an upright position, is the core of both the whole organism and our Personality.

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Family physician appointment

At the “Bersenev’s Medical Center” all patients can get a qualified individual consultation of the family physician Petlytska Victoria Vitaliivna, a specialist with decades of experience in this field.

Victoria Vitaliivna had gotten a special multi-field speciality training of “family medicine”.

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Infusion therapy

Infusion therapy (intravenous administration of solutions of various drugs into the body) is currently one of the most important medical measures aimed to solve a wide range of medical problems. This method of treatment exists since the 30s of the XIX century.

This method of treatment allows you to achieve a rapid therapeutic effect, as the medicine enters directly into the bloodstream, and also allows you to control its action more effectively.

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Kinesio Taping

Kinesio taping is the imposition and fixation of special elastic bands on the child’s skin for several days in order to provide physiological movements of the joints and muscles, activating the processes of recovery and movement control. Kinesio tapes are elastic cotton tapes coated with an acrylic-based hypoallergenic adhesive gel.

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Orthoses Making

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Corrective insoles making

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Metameric speech apparatus massage

Массаж артикуляционного аппарата или логопедический массаж — это метод механического воздействия, который изменяет  состояние мышц, нервов, кровеносных сосудов и тканей речевого аппарата.

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