With the development of a number of natural sciences (genetics, biochemistry, embryology, general biology, etc.), more and more importance is attached to genetic factors, which are considered to be the cause of more than half of cases of psycho-speech development disorders. This primarily includes the chromosome set pathology. Currently, more than 200 types of chromosomal aberrations are being described, causing psycho-speech development delay and mental retardation.
Among the factors causing psycho-speech development delay, a significant role is attached to the polygenic type of inheritance, in which the offspring accumulates pathological genes obtained from both parents, each of whom, having a “subliminal” number of pathological genes, is clinically healthy.
Inborn amino acids, metals, salts, fats and carbohydrates metabolism errors due to congenital inferiority of enzyme structures play a large role in the occurrence of genetic forms of psycho-speech development delay.
A special group of genetic diseases are hereditary defects that combine speech and cognitive impairments with the muscular, bone, skin, cardiovascular systems disorder, as well as visual and hearing organs.
As it is known, the most frequent chromosomal disease is Down's syndrome (trisomy in the twenty-first pair of autosomes), the frequency of which is 1: 700 newborns. The encounter rates of Down’s syndrome increases in children born by women over 35 years old. Patients with this disease have a special appearance and suffer from mental and physical retardation.
Williams Syndrome, also known as elfin facies syndrome, is a genetic disease based on chromosomal disorders. This disease is characterized by peculiarities of external development features and is accompanied by mental retardation, despite the fact that some intelligence beatures may be present. Children suffering from this syndrome have a specific appearance resembling an elfin facies, thus the secondary name of this syndrome.
Characteristic features are a broad forehead, discrepancy of eyebrows in the middle line, the iris color is bright blue (eyeballs can have the same shade), full cheeks lowered down, a big mouth with full lips (especially the lower one), a flat nose, a kind of nose with a flat blunt end, and a small, somewhat sharp-appeared chin.
As of today, there is no specific chromosomal disease treatment. In “Bersenev’s Medical Centre” in order to improve cognitive, verbal and social skills we apply metameric neurotrophic medicinal treatment in combination with a full body metameric massage, metameric speech apparatus massage and psychological therapy. These therapeutic measures are carried out in a complex and can deliver excellent results and a visible child’s state improvement.
To make an appointment for a consultation or a treatment session, please, call (044) 272-11-82 (children’s department) or (044) 238-22-31 (call centre).
Child neurologist specializes in the treatment of diseases associated with the central and peripheral nervous system affliction, as well as functional disorders of children.
Usually, during the first month after the child’s birth, doctors send parents to the compulsory consultation of a child neurologist, even if the child was born completely healthy and does not have any disorders related to the nervous system. Moreover, the regular follow-up visits are also necessary during the next stages of life.
The term “cerebral palsy” combines a group of syndromes resulting from underdevelopment or brain damage (often combined with spinal cord injury in the cervical spine) during the prenatal, intranatal and early postnatal periods.
Perinatal involvements of the central nervous system are those pathological conditions that arise under the influence of many negative factors affecting the growth and fetus development in the perinatal period.
Organic central nervous system lesions are a group of various neuropsychic disorders resulting from the influence of pathological factors upon the brain at different stages of ontogenetic development. This pathology has many behaviour options and various pathogenesis.
During the birth the infant experiences a great physical exertion when passing through the maternal passages. The newborn’s skeletal system is different from the adult person skeletal system – it is characterized by special flexibility in order to go through this passage without consequences. Thus the newborn babies have an increased chance of receiving a birth trauma of cervical spine during the process of delivery.
Peripheral nervous system birth trauma is the damage of nerve roots, nerve plexus, peripheral and cerebral nerves affected by an external mechanical agent during childbirth.
In recent decades, more and more children have a diagnosis “Psychoverbal development delay”. The statistics are inexorable. And the sooner a psychoverbal development delay or speech delay is detected, the greater the chances for child’s treating are.
Muscle tone is a slight muscle tension, which is necessary for their quick inclusion in working condition. It is the level of tone that determines the readiness of the muscle complex to perform motor functions. For each period of child’s development there exist physiological standards of tonic activity.
The spinal amyotrophies are genetic disorders of an anterior horn motor neurone disease; they are characterized by the progressive muscle weakness and twitching. Spinal amyotrophies are not characterized by sensational, motion coordination and oculomotor disorders. This is due to the spinal cord motoneurons affection.
Myopathies are hereditary diseases, which are based on the muscle fiber damage and, as a consequence, the emergence of a progressive musclular dystrophy (atrophy).
Myelopathy is a neurological term used to describe all kinds of spinal cord lesions. Myelopathy is usually a chronic disease.
Among the mental disorders that occur in childhood, neurotic disorders account for 65%. Neurotic disorders (neuropathy, neurosis, neurasthenia, childish nervousness) in children manifest themself with a wide range of clinical symptoms, among which autonomic dysfunction and emotional disorders are the first.
Juvenile (adolescent) osteochondrosis is a disease that is based on degenerative-dystrophic changes of intervertebral discs in adolescence. These changes are caused by the teens’ rapid growth, possible skeleton formation disorders, as well as inadequate physical activity on the growing spine. Osteochondrosis can develop in case of wearing a heavy bag on one shoulder and long sitting in an unnatural pose while studying.
The compulsive movement syndrome is a children’s nervous system disorder, which appears as a series of simple repeating motions. Such movements include finger sucking, nibbling, frequent blinking, wiggling, rocking or turning, grinding of teeth, shoulders twitching, forehead skin wrinkling, etc.
Autonomic dysfunction is the common name for all the autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunctions, which lead to a “failure” in the work of internal parts and body systems.
Posture is a natural habitual posture of a person, which depends on the spine condition, muscular-ligament apparatus, environment, general well-being, and heredity. This is a complex notion determined by a variety of factors and revealing not just the physical condition of a person, but also a psychical one.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a quite common disease that is based on the central nervous system dysfunction (mainly the brain reticular formation).
The autism is a child’s mental development disorder, which is characterized by a lack of communication and speech and motor disorders.
A speech is a reflection of thinking; it is a system. If there are problems with oral speech, then there will be difficulties with the thoughts formation, the ability to analyse, speculate, build logic chains, and also there will be some difficulties with reading and writing. A violation in one speech link is enough to make the whole system start to function incorrectly.
Many articles have already been written about the undoubted massage benefits, and it has long been known that this is one of healing means, along with sports and nutrition. Massage helps to recover from stress quickly and avoid diseases associated with constant nervous tension, relieves pain points, and relaxes tense muscles. It also reduces anxiety, normalizes the blocked energy flow, enhances the immune system functions, and restores a sense of calm and well-being. This is an important component of a healthy lifestyle.
The spine, keeping the whole skeleton in an upright position, is the core of both the whole organism and our Personality.
At the “Bersenev’s Medical Center” all patients can get a qualified individual consultation of the family physician Petlytska Victoria Vitaliivna, a specialist with decades of experience in this field.
Victoria Vitaliivna had gotten a special multi-field speciality training of “family medicine”.
Infusion therapy (intravenous administration of solutions of various drugs into the body) is currently one of the most important medical measures aimed to solve a wide range of medical problems. This method of treatment exists since the 30s of the XIX century.
This method of treatment allows you to achieve a rapid therapeutic effect, as the medicine enters directly into the bloodstream, and also allows you to control its action more effectively.
Kinesio taping is the imposition and fixation of special elastic bands on the child’s skin for several days in order to provide physiological movements of the joints and muscles, activating the processes of recovery and movement control. Kinesio tapes are elastic cotton tapes coated with an acrylic-based hypoallergenic adhesive gel.
In our Medical Centre you can get an expert advice from a physical rehabilitation specialist, as well as make individual ORTHOSES from Turbocast material.
В нашем Медицинском Центре Вы можете получить квалифицированную консультацию специалиста по физической реабилитации, а также изготовить индивидуальные ортопедические стельки.
Ортопедические стельки — это стельки, имеющие определенный рельеф, и за счет этого оказывающие лечебное воздействие. Этот вид ортезов используется для лечения и профилактики различных форм плоскостопия (продольного, поперечного, плоско-вальгусной деформации стопы), а также при других заболеваниях стоп и опорно-двигательного аппарата в целом.
Массаж артикуляционного аппарата или логопедический массаж — это метод механического воздействия, который изменяет состояние мышц, нервов, кровеносных сосудов и тканей речевого аппарата.